Jiangmen is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong province in southern China with a population of about 3.8 million.
The port of Jiangmen was known as Kong-Moon when it was forced to open to western trade in 1902. One legacy of this period is a historic waterfront district lined with buildings in the treaty port style. The city has an ongoing renewal project which has restored many of these buildings.
Jiangmen was proclaimed a city in 1951, and later became the administrative capital of the prefecture for the Si Yi region which includes the county-level cities of Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping and Heshan.
* three urban districts:
* Pengjiang District
* Jianghai District
* four cities at county level:
The city is located on the lower reaches of the Xijiang or West River, in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the south middle of Guangdong Province. It faces the South China Sea in the south and is 100 km away from Guangzhou and Zhuhai by highway. Jiangmen city has an area of 9,260 km2, about one quarter the size of Pearl River Delta.
The climate is subtropical with monsoon. Annual average temperature: 21.8 C.
Jiangmen was not only selected by the state as a pilot city of a nationwide informationization programme, but also chosen by Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) as a trial city of the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics (RISE) project. According to "Report on Investment Environment in China 2003" by the World Bank, Jiangmen ranked the forth, after Shanghai, Hangzhou and Dalian, among 23 cities in China under evaluation. Among various indicators, Jiangmen stands out in infrastructure, labour redundancy, proportion of joint ventures in all firms, informal payment to government, taxation, productivity and investment rate.
The economic development strategies within Jiangmen area focuses on one area (the three urban districts) and three lines (south, middle, and north lines). The city will develop four main economic areas: the central urban district of the city, Yinzhou Lake economic area and economic area along transport axes.
Similar to other cities in western Pearl River Delta, the manufacturing sector plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. The pillar industries include the manufacturing of motorcycles, household appliance, electronics, paper, food processing, chemical fibres and garments, textiles and stainless steel products. Some worldwide famous brand names include Haojue 125 motorcycle series, Jingling washing machines Vinda toilet paper, and Taphandles, Inc. bar tap handles.
Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province. The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries such as petrochemical and machinery industries. The local government decides an ocean economy as one of the city's development strategies.
Making use of the Jiangmen Port facilities, Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Jiangmen to Hong Kong (95 nautical miles) with high speed ferry services which take about 2.5 hours, one way.
When compared to the sea transport, the development of Jiangmen's land transport is relatively weak. However, the city retains a key route connection between the southwest region of Guangdong Province, also even the Guangxi Province, and Guangzhou.
A network of routes is built since the late 1990s to facilitate industrial agglomeration of industrial zones within the city, which are fully supported with infrastructures.
Jiangmen is the famous hometown of 3.68 million overseas Chinese, who live in 107 countries and regions in the world. Strong oversea connections are found in Jiangmen villages.
In relation to the history of great migration and overseas Chinese culture, lots of historical heritage such as the fortified multi-story towers (known as diaolou in pinyin) are valuable to tourists. In the local government's economic development strategies, the development of tourism and protection of the environment and the heritage is emphasized.